Omar Martinez completed a dual degree program, simultaneously gaining his master’s degree in public health and juris doctorate at Indiana University-Bloomington. He also completed a master’s degree in clinical research methods at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health. Professor Martinez completed an NIH T32 postdoctoral research fellowship in behavioral science research in HIV prevention at the HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies at Columbia University and the New York State Psychiatric Institute.

Professor Martinez’s research expertise includes the correlates, prevalence, and prevention of substance use, mental illness, and HIV among underserved and vulnerable populations. His work has contributed to a better understanding of the impact of syndemic factors, including both individual-level factors (e.g. substance use and mental health problems) and the larger social context (e.g. immigration policies, stigma, discrimination, structural racism, violence, and cultural imperialism) that affects the overall health outcomes among systematically and structurally excluded populations.

His experiences also include developing and implementing programs and interventions to address health disparities and inequities, including HoMBReS, a best-evidence community-level intervention HIV prevention intervention for self-identified heterosexual Latinxs; Connect n’ Unite, a couple-based behavioral HIV prevention intervention for Black men who have sex with men; Connecting Latinos en Parejas, a couple-based HIV prevention and treatment intervention for Latino men who have sex with men; Trans Equity Research Project, a homegrown, peer-led, group-level HIV prevention and care intervention, in English and Spanish, for men and women of trans experience; and Juntas Contra el Virus del Papiloma Humano, an HPV self-sampling intervention for under-screened Latinas. He is currently leading an NIH study to assess the feasibility and acceptability the Organizational Partnerships for Healthy Living, an innovative, multilevel intervention package intended for health care organizations serving people living with HIV(PLWH).

Professor Martinez is the director of the Implementation Science Research Lab. The lab has developed a national and international reputation for conducting high-impact health disparities research and for providing a unique venue for training the next generation of biobehavioral researchers. The lab focuses on research to enhance the development, uptake, effectiveness and efficiency of evidence-based interventions and policies within clinical and community settings in order to improve population health and reduce health disparities. 

Professor Martinez is also committed to training the next generation of behavioral researchers and dedicated to supporting capacity building in community-based organizations. He currently serves as a key consultant to the HIV Intervention Science Training Program for Underrepresented New Investigators at Columbia University. He also serves on the boards of GALAEI, a Queer and Trans, Black, Indigenous, and People of Color radical social justice organization that provides and facilitates queer educational services and community wellness; Women Organized Against Rape, a non-profit organization committed to eliminate all forms of sexual violence through specialized treatment services, comprehensive prevention education programs, and advocacy for the rights of victims of sexual assault; and the Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality, an international organization dedicated to advancing sexuality research and scholarship.

Professor Martinez’s NCBI:

Recent Publications:
Peer Reviewed:
  1. Mcloughlin, G & Martinez, O. (2022). Dissemination and Implementation Science to Advance Health Equity: An Imperative for Systemic Change. Commonhealth; 3(2): 75–86.
  2. Chavez-Baray, S. M., Martinez, O., Chaparro, P., & Moya, E. M. (2022). The Use of Photovoice Methodology to Assess Health Needs and Identify Opportunities Among Migrant Transgender Women in the U.S.-Mexico Border. Frontiers in Public Health10, 865944.
  3. Martinez, O. (2021). A review of current strategies to improve HIV prevention and treatment in sexual and gender minority Latinx (SGML) communities. Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy19(3), 323–329;
  4. Sutton, M. Y., Martinez, O., Brawner, B. M., Prado, G., Camacho-Gonzalez, A., Estrada, Y., Payne-Foster, P., Rodriguez-Diaz, C. E., Hussen, S. A., Lanier, Y., van den Berg, J. J., Malavé-Rivera, S. M., Hickson, D. A., & Fields, E. L. (2020). Vital Voices: HIV Prevention and Care Interventions Developed for Disproportionately Affected Communities by Historically Underrepresented, Early-Career Scientists. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities;
  5. Martinez, O. (2020). Using Syndemic Theory to examine HIV Sexual Risk Among Latinx Men Who Have Sex with Men in Philadelphia, PA: Findings from the National HIV Behavioral Surveillance. Ehquidad. DOI: 10.15257/ehquidad.2020.0009
  6. Rudolph, A. E., Martinez, O., Davison, R., & Amuchi, C. B. (2020). Informed consent for HIV phylogenetic research: A case study of urban individuals living with HIV approached for enrollment in an HIV study. EHQUIDAD2020(14), 129–143.
  7. Martinez, O. (2019). HIV-related Stigma as a Determinant of Health Among Sexual and Gender Minority Latinxs. HIV Specialist, 11(2): 14–17.
  8. Muñoz-Laboy, M., Martinez, O., Davison, R., Fernandez, M.I. (2019). Examining the impact of medical legal partnerships in improving outcomes on the HIV care continuum: rationale, design and methods. BMC Health Serv Res, 19, 849. doi:10.1186/s12913-019-4632-x.
  9. Martinez, O., Lopez, N., Woodard, T., Rodriguez-Madera, S., & Icard, L. (2019). Transhealth Information Project: A Peer-Led HIV Prevention Intervention to Promote HIV Protection for Individuals of Transgender Experience. Health & Social Work.
  10. Morales, A., Garcia-Montaño, E., Barrios-Ortega, C., Niebles-Charris, J., Garcia-Roncallo, P., Abello-Luque, D., … Martínez, O. (2019). Adaptation of an effective school-based sexual health promotion program for youth in Colombia. Social Science & Medicine, 222, 207–21;
Book Chapters and Other Non-Peer Reviewed Creative Activities:
  1. Moya, E., Chavez-Baray, S., Wood, W., & Martinez, O. (2015). A Project to Reduce Inequalities and Tuberculosis along the US-Mexico Border. In B.D. Friedman (Ed.), Public Health, Social Work and Health Inequalities (pp. 15-33). New York, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
  2. Chavez-Baray, S & Martinez, O. (2015). Tácticas y estrategias contra la violencia de genero. Ciudad México, México: CIESAS.
  3. AIDS Law Project of Pennsylvania, SERO Project, PWN-USA-Philadelphia. (2016). All Pain, No Gain: HIV Criminalization in Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania, PA.
  4. Thomson, M. & Martinez, O. (2019). Photovoice as a Community-Based Participatory Research Method to Address Disparities in Immigrant Health: A Systematic Review. In E. Moya, Divergent Vistas and Civil Voices for Education, Empowerment and Critical Thinking. New York, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
  5. Rhodes, S., Mann-Jackson, L, Alonzo, J., Bell, J., Tanner, A., Martinez, O., Siman, F., Smart, B., Felizzola, J., Brooks, R. (2019). The Health and Well-being of Latinx Sexual and Gender Minorities in the U.S.: A Call to Action. In Martinez, A & Rhodes., S, New Emerging Issues in Latinx Health. New York, NY: Springer.
  6. Global Action for Gay Men’s Health Rights. (2019). Attacks on Immigrant Communities and Proposed Changes to Public Change Rules: Impact on Accessibility of HIV Services and Immigrant Latinx Gay and Bisexual Men. Oakland, CA.
  7. O’Neil Institute for National and Global Health Law. (2019). Bolstering Latinx Gay and Bisexual Men to Promote Health and Reduce HIV Transmission. Washington, DC.
  8. Martinez, O. & Fabian, A. Improving the PrEP Continuum of Care among Key Populations in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Public Health Imperative. MPact Global Action, 2021.

Education & Specialties

  • BA, Political Science and Sociology, Minor and Certificate in Latin American Studies, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL
  • MPH, Health Policy, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana
  • JD, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana
  • MS, Clinical Research Methods, Columbia University, New York
  • NIH T32 Postdoctoral Research Fellowship, Columbia University, New York


  • Implementation Science
  • Community-based Participatory Action Research
  • Health Policy
  • Health Equity
  • Population Health


Research Interests:

  • Multilevel interventions and structural approaches
  • Social Determinants of Health
  • Medical Legal Partnerships
  • Public Health Preparedness
  • Mixed-methods Research
  • Optimizing Biobehavioral Interventions