Michael Hoffmann obtained his medical degree (MBBch) at the University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa and neurological subspecialty fellowship training in stroke from Columbia University in New York City. This was followed by two senior doctorates, one in cerebrovascular medicine (MD) and one in behavioral health (PhD). His main areas of research have concerned cognitive disorders after stroke and how to improve brain health and fitness based on scientific principles and evolutionary insights. He is currently a Professor of Neurology with the University of Central Florida, Chief of Neurology at Orlando VA Medical Center and director of the stroke and cognitive neurology programs. He is also a cognitive neurology consultant at the Roskamp Neuroscience Institute in Sarasota, Florida where he focuses on frontotemporal disorders, traumatic brain illness and neuro-toxicological syndromes such as Gulf War Illness. He has written four books, Assembly of the Executive Mind, Brain Beat, Cognitive Conative and Behavioral Neurology and Clinical Mentation Evaluation, a connectome approach.


Recent Publications:



  • Hoffmann M. Clinical Mentation Evaluation: A Connectomal Approach to Rapid and Comprehensive Assessment. Springer Publications, New York, July 2020 (in press)


  • Hoffmann M. Assembly of the Executive Mind: Evolutionary Insights and a Paradigm for Brain Health. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom, February 2019


  • Hoffmann M. Cognitive, Conative and Behavioral Neurology. Springer Publications, New York, September 2016


  • Hoffmann M. Brain Beat: Scientific Foundations and Evolutionary Perspectives of Brain Health. Page Publications, New York December 2015.


  • Sensitivity to the deficits associated with traumatic brain injury or chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Hoffmann M. JAMA Neurology 2018;75:130-131
  • Global Outcome Assessment Life-Long after stroke in young adults initiative; The GOAL initiative: Study design and rationale of a multicenter retrospective individual patient data meta-analysis. Ekker MS, van Dongen MME, Jacob MA….Hoffmann M et al BMJ Open 2019;14;9(11):e03114.
  • STROKOG (stroke and cognition consortium): An international consortium to examine the epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment of neurocognitive disorders in relation to cerebrovascular disease. Sachdev SS, Lo JW, Crawford JD…Hoffmann M…Kochan NA (66 authors). Alzheimer’s and Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment and Disease Monitoring 2016 in press.
  • Assembly of the human mind: How present-day primates reflect our mind’s anatomical and physiological evolution (Invited editorial). Hoffmann M. Anatomy and Physiology. 2014;4:2
  • The panoply of field dependent behavior in 1436 stroke patients. The Mirror Neuron System uncoupled and the consequences of loss of personal autonomy. Hoffmann M. Neurocase 2014; 20:5, 556-568
  • The Human Frontal Lobes and Frontal Network Systems: An Evolutionary, Clinical and Treatment Perspective (Invited review). Hoffmann M. ISRN Neurology 2013.
  • The spectrum of aphasia subtypes and etiology in sub-acute stroke. Hoffmann M, Chen R. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases.
  • Frontal Network Syndrome Testing: Clinical tests and PET brain imaging help distinguish the 3 most common dementia subtypes. Hoffmann M. American Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease and other Dementias 2013. doi:10.1177/
  • Isolated Frontopolar Cortex Lesion – a Case Study. Hoffmann M1, Bar-On R2. James A Haley VA Hospital, Tampa, Florida (1), University of Texas, Galveston (2) Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology 2012;25:50-56
  • The Impact of Stroke on Emotional Intelligence. Hoffmann M, Benes Cases L, Hoffmann B, Chen R. Cognitive Neurology Division, Department of Neurology. James A Haley VA Hospital Tampa, Florida. BMC Neurology 2010;10:103


Education & Specialties

  • MBBch, Medicine, University of Witwatersrand, South Africa
  • FCP(SA), Neurology Boards, College of Medicine of South Africa
  • Fellowship, Stroke/Cerebrovascular, Columbia University, New York, NY
  • MD, Stroke (Senior Doctorate), University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, RSA
  • PhD, Behavioral Medicine, University of KwaZulu,-Natal, Durban, RSA



  • Neurology
  • Stroke and Cerebrovascular
  • Behavioral Medicine
  • Migraines


Research Interests

  • Metacognitive disorders after stroke
  • Brain Health/Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Various treatments for stroke patients
  • War Illness

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